**Determine the orbital diagram of P and identify the outermost electron (in quantum numbers) involved when it is transformed to P ^{+}**

**In this matter, the 4 quantum numbers are already shown as ****n, l, ml and ms**

Recall that the * quantum numbers* that define an electron are:

• *Principal Quantum Number***(n)**: deals with the size and energy of the atomic orbital. The possible values for n are **1 to ∞**.

• *Angular Momentum Quantum Number ***(l)**: deals with the shape of the atomic orbital. The possible values for l are **0 to n – 1**.

• *Magnetic Quantum Number ***(m _{l})**: deals with the orientation of the atomic orbital in 3D space. The possible values for m

• *Spin Quantum Number ***(m _{s})**: deals with the spin of the electron. The possible values for m

The four quantum numbers most likely associated with the one electron lost in going from P to P^{+} are:

(a) 4, 0, 0, +1/2

(b) 3, 1, 1, +1/2

(c) 3, 2, 1, -1/2

(d) 4, 1, 0, +1/2

(e) 3, 3, -1, +1/2

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